A study of relationship between skin color and tooth shade value in Population of Udaipur, Rajasthan

Vivek Sharma, Vikas Punia, Meenakshi Khandelwal, Sandhya Punia, Lakshmana Rao B


Background and Objective: The importance of esthetics in dentistry has shown marked increase owing to new interest and public awareness. Selection of color of teeth for patients when all records of form, color and size have been lost requires knowledge and understanding of a number of physical and biological factors directly related to the patient. This study was aimed at determining the possible relationship between skin color and tooth shade in population of Udaipur, Rajasthan.  Methodology: A total of 240 individuals aged above 19 years participated in this study. A Vitapan classical shade guide was used to examine either the maxillary right or left central incisor in natural day light. Tooth shades were divided into 4 categories according to value and skin tones were divided into 3 categories (fair, medium and dark) using of Revlon makeup shades as a guide. Categorical modeling with chi-square analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: Significant tooth shade differences was discovered among the subjects with skin colors (P<0.001). Persons with medium-to-dark skin tones were more likely to have teeth with higher values (lighter), whereas individuals with lighter skin tones tended to have teeth with lower values (darker). Conclusion: Within the limitation of study, tooth shade value and skin colour were inversely related.


Shade selection;Tooth shade;Skin colour


Dunn WJ, Murchison DF, Broome JC. Esthetics: patients’ perceptions of dental attractiveness. J Prosthodont 1996;5(3):166-71.

Ruchika S. Sabherwal, Juan Gonzalez and Farhad B. Naini Assessing the Influence of Skin Color and Tooth Shade Value on Perceived Smile Attractiveness. J Am Dent Assoc 2009;140;696-705.

Zarb GA, Bolender CL, Hickey JC, Carlsson GE. Boucher’s Prosthodontic treatment for edentulous patients. The C.V. Mosby Co. St.Louis 1990;338-40.

Jahangiri L, Reinhardt SB, Mehra RV, Matheson PB. Relationship between tooth shade value and skin color: an observational study. J Prosthet Dent 2002;87(2):149-52.

Goodkind RJ, Schwabacher WB. Use of a fiber-optic colorimeter for in vivo color measurements of 2830 anterior teeth. J Prosthet Dent 1987;58(5):535-42.

Hasegawa A, Ikeda I, Kawaguchi S. Color and translucency of in vivo natural central incisors. J Prosthet Dent 2000;83(4):418-23.

Gozalo-Diaz D, Johnston WM, Wee AG. Estimating the color of maxillary central incisors based on age and gender. J Prosthet Dent 2008;100(2):93-8.

Odioso LL, Gibb RD, Gerlach, RW. Impact of demographic, behavioral, and dental care utilization parameters on tooth color and personal satisfaction. Compend Contin Educ Dent 2000;29(suppl):S35-S41.

Esan TA, Olusile AO, Akeredolu PA. Factors influencing tooth shade selection for completely edentulous patients. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006;7(5):80-7.

Dummett CO, Sakumura JS, Barens G. The relationship of facial skin complexion to oral mucosa pigmentation and tooth color. J Prosthet Dent 1980;43(4):392-96.

Hassel AJ, Nitschke I, Dreyhaupt J, Wegener I, Rammelsberg P,Hassel JC. Predicting tooth color from facial features and gender:results from a white elderly cohort. J Prosthet Dent 2008;99(2):101-6.

Shillinburg HT, Hobo S, Whitsett LD, Jacobi R, Brackett SE. Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics. Quintessence Publishing Co.Inc. 1997.

Charles M Heartwell, Arthur O Rahn. Syllabus of Complete Dentures. 4th ed.Lea and Febiger. 1981. Sheldon Winkler. Essentials of Complete Denture Prosthodontics. 2nd ed. Ishiyaku Euroamerica Inc.2000.

Joiner A, Hopkinson I, Deng Y, Westland S. A review of tooth colour and whiteness. J Dent 2008;36(suppl 1):S2-S7.

Stephen F. Rosensteil, Martin F. Land, Junhei Fujimoto: Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics. Mosby 4th ed. Page 709-39.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Index Copernicus Index Copernicus Google Scholar NISCAIR OpenJGateDOAJUlrichsWeb
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled CopyScape Protected Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd