Pattern of dental health care utilizations among mothers in Karachi, Pakistan
Background: Dental health care utilization by public was generally based on patients concerns, requirements and views of health care services. Aims and Objectives: To determine the pattern of dental health care utilization among mothers in Karachi, Pakistan. Materials and Methods: A Cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among mothers attending in Civil Hospital, Karachi from October 2013 to January 2014. A total of 281 mothers were selected by using Consecutive sampling technique. A semi structured pretested questionnaire was used to collect data. Data collected includes socio-demographic details, knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding dental caries and oral hygiene and pattern of utilizing health care services. SPSS V.20 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Forty six percent mothers were utilizing health care services. After adjusting socio-demographic variables the odds of having not utilizing dental health care services among illiterate mothers were two times (AOR 2.0, CI=1.08-3.94, p value 0.02) more as compared to mothers who had more than five years of education. The other factors showed significant association in multivariate analysis were inadequate knowledge, bad practices among mothers regarding dental caries and oral hygiene and household income. Conclusion: The study concluded that the mothers were not taken oral health problems seriously and were used to avoid dental treatment because of the cost and non co-operative staff.
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