Clinical evaluation of subgingival irrigation with chlorhexidine and benzydamine in periodontitis

Swarnalatha Wesley


Aims and Objectives: To examine the clinical effects of a single sub-gingival irrigation of Chlorhexidine and Benzydamine in advanced Periodontitis. Materials and Method: The study population consists of 30 patients who attended the Department of Periodontia, Madras Dental College, India for the treatment of at least two teeth with Chronic Periodontitis. The experimental site consisted of two teeth with Chronic Periodontitis, pocket depth of 4 to 6 mm and a Gingival Index score of 2. The study population was randomly assigned into three groups with 10 patients each. Group I - Irrigated with physiological saline (Control group), Group II - Irrigated with 0.2 % Chlorhexidine Digluconate solution and Group III - Irrigated with 0.15 % Benzydamine hydrochloride solution. The experimental sites of the three groups were assessed using Pocket Depth, Plaque Index, Gingival Index (Inflammation and bleeding Indexes were recorded separately) and Gingival Fluid Index. Results: The effect of Benzydamine was better when compared to Chlorhexidine while the effect of Saline was negligible. Conclusion: The sub-gingival action of Benzydamine can be favored and preferred to that of Chlorhexidine and Saline because of its sustained progressive response. 


Benzydamine; Chlorhexidine; Periodontitis; Sub-gingival Irrigation


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