Prevalence of anterior teeth fracture among visually impaired individuals, India
Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anterior teeth fracture among visually impaired individuals.
Materials and methods:A cross sectional study was carried out among 103 blind individuals (70 males and 33 females), with age ranges from 10 to 29 years. The survey was carried out according to WHO criteria and by using WHO classification for teeth fracture. All the subjects were divided in to two groups on the basis of whether they are partially sighted or totally blind. Data were analyzed using chi- square test, with keeping level of significance at p < 0.05.
Results:An overall prevalence of 34.95 % of traumatic injuries to anterior teeth was found in the study population with no significant difference between both the groups (p<0.05). Female were having significantly more fracture than males (p<0.005). Fall being indoor was the most common cause. Permanent maxillary central incisors were most commonly injured with injuries involving enamel and dentin being the most frequently observed. Increased overjet and inadequate lip coverage were significantly associated with the occurrence of trauma (p = 0.0001).
Conclusion:The prevalence of dental injuries in a group of individuals with blind. This should alert caregivers to carry out a profound investigation of the events and suggest methods to reduce this type of morbidity.
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