Prevalence of anterior teeth fracture among visually impaired individuals, India

Anil Agrawal, Nagesh Bhatt, Karanprakash Singh, Harshvardhan Chaudhary, Prashant Mishra, Kailash Asawa, Santanu Een Roy

Abstract


Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anterior teeth fracture among visually impaired individuals.

Materials and methods:A cross sectional study was carried out among 103 blind individuals (70 males and 33 females), with age ranges from 10 to 29 years. The survey was carried out according to WHO criteria and by using WHO classification for teeth fracture. All the subjects were divided in to two groups on the basis of whether they are partially sighted or totally blind. Data were analyzed using chi- square test, with keeping level of significance at p < 0.05.

Results:An overall prevalence of 34.95 % of traumatic injuries to anterior teeth was found in the study population with no significant difference between both the groups (p<0.05). Female were having significantly more fracture than males (p<0.005). Fall being indoor was the most common cause. Permanent maxillary central incisors were most commonly injured with injuries involving enamel and dentin being the most frequently observed. Increased overjet and inadequate lip coverage were significantly associated with the occurrence of trauma (p = 0.0001).

Conclusion:The prevalence of dental injuries in a group of individuals with blind. This should alert caregivers to carry out a profound investigation of the events and suggest methods to reduce this type of morbidity.


Keywords


Teeth fracture;Prevalence;Visually impaired individuals

References


Salako NO, Jeboda SO. Dental problems of the handicapped child. Odont-Stomatol Trop 1985; 7:119-23.

Tesini DA, Fenton SJ. Oral health needs of persons with physical or mental disabilities. Dent Clin North Am 1994; 38:483-98.

Brown JP, Schodel DR. A review of controlled surveys of dental disease in handicapped persons. J Dent Child 1976; 43:3 13-20.

Shaw L, MacLaurin ET, Foster TD. Dental study of handicapped children attending special schools in Birmingham, UK. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1986; 14:24- 27.

Greeley CB, Goldstein PA, Forrester DJ. Oral manifestations in a group of blind students. J Dent Child 1976; 43:39-41.

Ohito FA, Opinya GN, Wangombe J. Traumatic dental injuries in normal and handicapped children in Nairobi, Kenya. E Afr Med J 1992; 69:680-2.

World Health Organization. Blindness and visual impairment. Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs282/en/index.html. Assessed on 15/08/09.

Rahi JS, Sripathi S, Gilbert CE, Foster A. Childhood blindness in India: causes in 1318 blind school students in nine states. Journal Eye 1995; 9 (5): 545 - 550.

Baldava P, Anup N. Risk Factors for Traumatic Dental Injuries in an Adolescent Male Population in India. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007; 6(8):035-042.

Senka Meštrović, Dragana Gabrić Pandurić, Sndra Anić Milošević, Dunja Ribarić. Risk Factors of Traumatic Injuries to the Upper Incisors. Acta Stomatol Croat. 2008; 42(1): -10.

David o Odennell. The prevalence of non-repaired fractured incisors in visually impaired Chinese children and young adults in Hong Kong. Quintessence Int. 1992; 23(5):363-5.

Alonge OK, Narendran S, Williamson DD. Prevalence of fractured incisal teeth among children in Harris County, Texas. Dent Traumatol 2001; 17: 218–221.

Implementing the survey. Oral health surveys. Basic methods. 4th ed. World health organization. Geneva. 1999 p16-20.

Andreasen JO. Etiology and pathogenesis of traumatic injuries, a clinical study of 1298 cases. Scand J Dent Res. 1970; 78: 329-342.

Maddi Shyamat, Sabiha A. Al-Mutawa, et al. Malocclusions and traumatic injuries in disabled schoolchildren and adolescents in Kuwait. Spec Care Dentist 2001; 21 (3): 1 04- 108.

Andreasen JO, Ravn JJ. Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries to primary and permanent teeth in a Danish population sample. Int J Oral Surg 1972; 1:235–9.

Forsberg CM, Tedestam G. Traumatic injuries to the teeth in Swedish children living in an urban area. Swed Dent J 1990; 14:115–22.

Sabuncuoglu O. Traumatic dental injuries and attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder: is there a link? Dental Traumatology 2007; 23: 137–142.

Parkin SFS. A recent analysis of traumatic injuries to children teeth. J Dent Child 1967; 34: 323-325.

Kakabuka FK, Plasschaert A, van’t Hof M. Prevalence of teeth with untreated dental trauma among nursery and primary school pupils in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Dent Traumatol 2001; 17:109–13.

Kargul B, Caglar E, Tanboga I. Dental trauma in Turkish children, Istanbul. Dent Traumatol 2003; 19:72–5.

Sanchez AV, Garcia-Godoy F. Traumatic dental injuries in 3- to 13-year old boys in Monterrey, Mexico. Endodont Dent Traumato 1990; l6:63-5.

Fleming P, Gregg TA, Saunders IDF. Analysis of an emergency dental service provided at a children's hospital. Znt J Pediatr Dent 1991; 1:25-30.

Petti S and Tarsitani G. Traumatic injuries to anterior teeth in Italian school children prevalence and risk factors. Endod Dent Traumatol 1996; 12:294-297.

Holan G, Peretz B, Efrat J, et al. Traumatic injuries to the teeth in young individuals with cerebral palsy. Dent Traumatol 2005; 21: 65–69.

Mullane DMO. Some factors predisposing to injuries of permanent incisors in school children. Br Dent J 1973; 134: 328-332.

Bastone EB, Freer TJ, McNamara JR. Epidemiology of dental trauma: A review of literature. Aust Dent J 2000; 45(1):2-9.

Burden DJ. An investigation of the association between overjet size, lip coverage and traumatic injury to maxillary incisors. Eur J Orthod 1995; 17:513-7.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Index Copernicus Index Copernicus Google Scholar NISCAIR OpenJGateDOAJUlrichsWeb
line
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled CopyScape Protected Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd