Levels of fluoride in community and packaged drinking water supply of dhule city, maharashtra

Mahesh Ravindra Khairnar, Arun Dodamani, Gundabakhta N Karibasappa, Prashanth Kumar Vishwakarma, Manjiri A Deshmukh, Rahul G Naik


Background: Fluoride is one of the natural minerals present in water, which is beneficial in small amounts for normal development and growth of the body and its excessive consumption leads to development of fluorosis. Aims and Objectives: To analyze the fluoride content and pH of Community water supply, packaged bottled drinking water and water pouches available in Dhule city, Maharashtra. Material and methods: Total 10 water samples were selected for the study. Three different water samples for community, five different packaged drinking water and two packed water pouch samples were randomly selected that are available in the market. All the samples were analyzed at the Maharashtra Public Health Engineering Department (PHED), District Laboratory for water pH and fluoride content using appropriate analytical methods. Results: Fluoride concentration in Community water supply, Packaged bottled drinking water, and Water pouches were suboptimal and alarming, ranging from 0.35-0.45 mg/l, 0.14-0.30 mg/l and 0.18-0.21 mg/l respectively. pH and hardness of water for each sample were within acceptable limits. Conclusion: Fluoride concentration of drinking water in Dhule city lies below required optimal concentration. Hence, alternative sources of fluorides should be supplemented for optimal dental benefits from the use of fluoride.


Community water supply; Fluoride; Packaged drinking water; Oral Health


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