Prevalence of allergies among dentistry undergraduate students and graduates

Syeda Shehneela Naz, Syed Sheeraz Hussain, Syed Shah Faisal

Abstract


Background: Allergic reactions are very common and occur when a person’s immune system gets active to normally harmless substances in the environment. The percentage of latex allergy is high among dental students. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate prevalence of various allergies among dentistry students and graduates to find out its association with various lab chemicals and dental materials. Materials and methods: An electronic questionnaire developed and distributed to 271 undergraduate students and graduates of Karachi Medical and Dental College, Pakistan. The questions were concerning about demographic details such as age, sex, duration of clinical practice, personal atopy history, allergy to vegetables, latex product allergy and symptoms like dermatitis, angioedema, respiratory problems and seasonal allergy etc. Two groups were made, i.e., Preclinical and clinical groups. Both groups were compared for prevalence of allergic symptoms. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Statistical Software version 17.0. Results: Overall the allergic symptoms are found high in both groups. But few allergies found more in preclinical group whereas fungal infection found more in clinical groups. Conclusions: Allergic symptoms were present in both clinical and non-clinical groups however it’s more common in preclinical students. A recurrent fungal infection was more in clinical group. Participants were found allergic to acrylic and Gypsum.


Keywords


Allergy; Dental Materials; Dental Students

References


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