Effects of black tea and green tea on periodontal health status among dental students at pakistan

Muhammad Nadeem, Fatimah Datoo, Anis Ahmed Bugti, Anum Ayaz, Mutaal Mahfooz


Aims: To assess the effects of black tea and green tea on teeth and it’s Periodontium among dental students at Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry (LCMD) Karachi, Pakistan. Material and methods: A cross sectional study conducted from November 2012 to January 2013 involving 218 adult volunteers attending LCMD. A total of 240 subjects consulted in this survey and 218 (90.5%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria and participated in the study. To access the reason of taking black tea and green tea and their effects on oral health we analysed the Community Periodontal Index Treatment Need (CPITN) index and Plaque Index on participants. Results: Results have shown that most of the female participants drinking green tea as compare to male participants. The most common reason of drinking black tea is Addiction on the other hand health conscious is the key reason of drinking green tea. End of the study we found health gums of those participants who taking green tea (x2 = 36.57, df= 6, p<0.001) while those participants who taking black tea have more plaque accumulation (x2 = 30.98, df= 6, p<0.001). Conclusion: The study concludes that green tea have some positive effects on Periodontium and helps to prevent plaque deposition.


Black Tea; Dental students; Green Tea; Periodontal Health


Acevedo S, Chen C, France E, Goldspiel B, Kim A, Li A, et al. Antimicrobial properties of various green tea products with and without the addition of sugar2011. Available from: http://www.drew.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/99/2011-Team-3-Paper.pdf.

Jenabian N, Moghadamnia AA, Karami E. The effect of Camellia Sinensis (green tea) mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis: a single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial. DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012;20(1):1-6.

Mir APB. Focusing on Periodontitis as a Vasculupathy: the Therapeutic Possibilities from the Perspective of a Dentistry Student. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences (JPBMS). 2011;13:12-5.

Nugala B, Namasi A, Emmadi P, Krishna PM. Role of green tea as an antioxidant in periodontal disease: the Asian paradox. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. 2012;16(3):313–6.

Chapple ILC. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidants in inflammatory diseases. Journal of clinical periodontology. 1997;24(5):287-96.

Chatterjee A, Saluja M, Agarwal G, Alam M. Green tea: A boon for periodontal and general health. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. 2012;16(2):161–7.

Taylor PW, Hamilton-Miller JMT, Stapleton PD. Antimicrobial properties of green tea catechins. Food science and technology bulletin. 2005;2:71-81.

Graham HN. Green tea composition, consumption, and polyphenol chemistry. Preventive medicine. 1992;21(3):334-50.

Kushiyama M, Shimazaki Y, Murakami M, Yamashita Y. Relationship between intake of green tea and periodontal disease. Journal of periodontology. 2009;80(3):372-7.

Hirasawa M, Takada K, Makimura M, Otake S. Improvement of periodontal status by green tea catechin using a local delivery system: a clinical pilot study. Journal of periodontal research. 2002;37(6):433-8.

Masami SS, Kim M, Yamamoto T. Inhibitory effects of green tea polyphenols on growth and cellular adherence of an oral bacterium, Porphyromonas gingivalis. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1996;60:745-9.

Fotedar S, Fotedar V, Sharma KR, Bhardwaj V. Oral health and white tea. European Journal of General Dentistry. 2013;2(2):192-3.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Index Copernicus Index Copernicus Google Scholar NISCAIR OpenJGateDOAJUlrichsWeb
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled CopyScape Protected Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd