Oral health awareness, behavior and attitude of pakistani population towards dental treatment
Aims: To assess the awareness, attitude and behavior of Pakistani population in relation to oral health status and accept dental treatment among Darul Sehat Hospital patients living in Karachi, Pakistan. Material and methods: A cross sectional study conducted from July 2010 to December 2010 involving 7686 adult volunteers attending Out Patient Department (OPD) in dental block at Darul Sehet Hospital. A total of 8125 subjects consulted in the Out Patient Department and 7686 (94.5%) fulfilled the inclusion criteria and participated in the study. To access the oral health knowledge, attitude and behaviour we analysed the reasons of attending OPD, work load in different department, patients accepting or refusing the treatment plan or going for the alternative treatment plan. Results: Results have shown that most of the patients came at dental OPD in pain without swelling (N= 3,620) (x2 = 225.6, df= 11, p<0.001) but they did not prefer the conservative approach (Root Canal treatment). Most of the patient preferred extractions (N= 1,091) (x2 = 4334.71, df=12, p<0.001) which indicates the lack of knowledge or may be cost effectiveness. Conclusion: It emerges that oral health related awareness, attitude and behavior of Pakistani population are in need of improvement.
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