Vertical Root Fractures: Diagnosis and Management - A Review
Vertical root fractures (VRF) have been described as longitudinally oriented fractures of the root, extending from the root canal to the periodontium. Diagnosis and management of vertical root fracture is a challenging task for the clinician. Vertical root fracture commonly affects endodontically treated teeth. Prognosis most often is hopeless and differential diagnosis from other pathologies may be difficult at times. This review emphasizes about the etiology, diagnosis, and management of vertical root fractures.
Fall, Winter. Cracking the cracked tooth code; Endodontics. AAE Colleagues for excellence. 1997:1–13.
Schetritt A, Steffensen B. Diagnosis and management of vertical root fractures. Journal of Canadian Dental Association. 1995;61(7):607-13.
Cohen S, Blanco L, Berman L. Vertical root fractures: clinical and radiographic diagnosis. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2003;134(4):434-41.
Luebke R. Vertical crown-root fractures in posterior teeth. Dental Clinics of North America. 1984;28(4):883-94.
Ingle JI. Vertical root fractures of endodontically treated teeth. Ingle's Endodontics. 6th ed: BC Decker INC; 2008. p. 676-89.
Weine FS, Smulson MH, Herschman JB. Endodontic therapy: Mosby; 1996. 62-7 p.
Kishen A, Kumar GV, Chen NN. Stress–strain response in human dentine: rethinking fracture predilection in postcore restored teeth. Dental Traumatology. 2004;20(2):90-100.
Moule AJ, Kahler B. Diagnosis and management of teeth with vertical root fractures. Australian Dental Journal. 1999;44(2):75-87.
Ailor JE. Managing incomplete tooth fractures. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 2000;131(8):1168-74.
Bühler H. Evaluation of root-resected teeth. Results after 10 years. Journal of Periodontology. 1988;59(12):805-10.
Schwartz RS, Mauger M, Clement DJ, Walker WA. Mineral trioxide aggregate: a new material for endodontics. The Journal of the American Dental Association. 1999;130(7):967-75.
Ahmed HMA, Luddin N. Endodontic management of a maxillary molar using a modified incremental instrumentation technique. International Journal of Dental Clinics. 2011;3(2):78-9.
Gaikwad A. Reinforcing esthetic with fiber post. International Journal of Dental Clinics. 2011;3(2):89-90.
Khandelwal.A, M.B.P. An Endodontic management of mandibular incisor with bifurcated root canal. International Journal of Dental Clinics. 2011;3(2):87-8.
Salgar.A.R, Chandak.M.G, Manwar.N.U. Surgical endodontic management of external root resorption. International Journal of Dental Clinics. 2011;3(2):93-4.
Arakawa.S, Cobb.C.M, Rapley.J.W, Killoy.W.J, Spencer.P. Treatment of root fracture by CO2 and Nd: YAG lasers: An in vitro study. Journal of Endodontics. 1996;22(12):662-7.
- There are currently no refbacks.
|Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd|