Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – A Review

Girish Katti, Syeda Arshiya Ara, Ayesha Shireen


Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has progressed over 30 years from being a technique with great potential to one that has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application was initially limited to the neuro-axis, now covers all regions of the body and an increased knowledge base has provided a better understanding of how it can best be utilized, either alone or in conjunction with other techniques, in order to maximize diagnostic certainty. This article aims to describe brief historical review of magnetic resonance imaging, MRI physics, instrumentation, basic sequences, artifacts, MR safety, MR Contrast agents, advantages /disadvantages of magnetic resonance imaging, its application in the maxillofacial region and recent advances in MR imaging.




Revett K. An Introduction to Magnetic Resonance Imaging: From Image Acquisition to Clinical Diagnosis. Innovations in Intelligent Image Analysis 2011:127-61.

Fullerton GD. Basic concepts for nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic Resonance Imaging 1982; 1(1):39-53.

Geva T. Magnetic resonance imaging: historical perspective. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2006;8(4):573-80.

Partain CL. The 2003 Nobel prize for MRI: Significance and impact. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 2004;19(5):515-26.

Andrews C, Simmons A, Williams S. Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Physics Education 1996;31:80.

Pekar JJ. A brief introduction to functional MRI. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, IEEE 2006;25(2):24-6.

Stehling MK, Turner R, Mansfield P. Echo-planar imaging: magnetic resonance imaging in a fraction of a second. Science 1991;254(43):5028-9.

Edzes HT, Van Dusschoten D, Van As H. Quantitative T2 imaging of plant tissues by means of multi-echo MRI microscopy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging1998;16(2):185-96.

Gore J. Out of the shadows MRI and the Nobel Prize. New England Journal of Medicine 2003; 349 (24):2290-2.

White SC, Pharoah MJ. Oral radiology: principles and interpretation. Mosby, St Louis 2000: 205-6.

Pruessmann KP, Weiger M, Scheidegger MB, Boesiger P. SENSE: sensitivity encoding for fast MRI. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine1999; 42 (5):952-62.

Baker LL, Kucharczyk J, Sevick RJ, Mintorovitch J, Moseley ME. Recent advances in MR imaging/spectroscopy of cerebral ischemia. American Journal of Roentgenology1991; 156 (6):1133.

Gallez B, Bacic G, Goda F, Jiang J. Use of nitroxides for assessing perfusion, oxygenation, and viability of tissues: in vivo EPR and MRI studies. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine1996; 35 (1):97-106.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Index Copernicus Index Copernicus Google Scholar NISCAIR OpenJGateDOAJUlrichsWeb
System Developed By Stanford University Arizona State University Simon Fraser University Canadian Centre For Studies In Publishing University of British Columbia - Faculty of Education
W3C XHTML v1.0 Verified W3C verified Valid CSS v2.1 PHP5 Enabled CopyScape Protected Made On Mac Apache Enabled MySQL Powered
Published by Celesta Software Pvt Ltd